Terpenes are a diverse class of naturally-occurring compounds that are products throughout different plant species and some insects. Terpenes are responsible for producing a strong odor with the evolutionary tactic to attract the predators and parasites of herbivores while deterring herbivores. Terpenes are a major component in essential oils created from flowers and plants and are also vastly found within the cannabis family.
Popular Terpenes Found in Hemp and Other Plants
Advancements in science have enabled the ability to isolate terpenes. This has created the opportunity to custom formulate CBD products with different terpenes. Some of the more popular terpenes are:
- Alpha-humulene: Commonly found in sage, ginger, ginseng, and hops, alpha-humulene is responsible for an earthy, woody, and hoppy aroma.
- Alpha-pinene: Naturally-occurring in pine trees, conifer trees, rosemary, and many more, alpha-pinene has a bold pine aroma.
- Beta-caryophyllene: Typically found in black pepper and clove, beta-caryophyllene provides a peppery, spicy aroma.
- Eucalyptol: Eucalyptol offers a soft, sweet scent and is found in eucalyptus and tea tree.
- Geraniol: Responsible for a bold, floral aroma, geraniol is naturally-occurring in geraniums and roses.
- Limonene: The distinct citrus aroma accountable in a variety of citrus fruits.
- Linalool: Linalool offers the bold, floral scent that’s found in lavender, mint, and birch trees.
- Myrcene: Found abundantly in thyme, parsley, and bay leaf, myrcene has an herbaceous, peppery aroma.
- Ocimene: Normally found in certain beers and tropical fruits, ocimene has a distinctive tropical, sweet, and musky aroma
- Terpinolene: Terpinolene has a floral, piney, and herbaceous aroma that’s derived from conifer trees, tea tree, turpentine, cumin, and nutmeg.
Terpenes and Cannabis
All of these terpenes can be found in different strains of hemp and marijuana. Terpene content is hypothesized to work synergetically alongside cannabinoids in cannabis plants. Hemp and marijuana plants actually have a higher terpene content than any other plant species. This speaks to their evolutionary trait: deterring herbivores from eating them while attracting helpful predators and pollinators. Different strains of hemp and marijuana have differing terpenes which are responsible for the variations in smell, taste, and experience.
Learn More About Terpenes
Hemp Depot is proud to educate our clients on all things hemp. Even though terpenes are naturally-occurring among numerous plant species, they play a significant role exclusive to the cannabis family. For more information regarding what terpenes are, please contact us!