As cultural awareness and acceptance of cannabis continues to expand across the United States, scientific research has begun to reveal a wide number of applications for the plant’s two primary constituent molecules: namely, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). While many people are familiar with these remarkable compounds, there is a third category of molecules that are lesser known, called terpenes. Terpenes are found in wholesale CBD products in all different combinations and quantities, but some are more common than others. In this article, we’ll discuss some of the most popular terpenes and their main characteristics.
What Are Terpenes?
Terpenes are the oils found in cannabis that produce the flower’s distinctive and diverse aromatic profiles. Believed by researchers to be responsible for the plant’s ability to ward off harmful insects as well as to attract beneficial pollinators, terpenes vary in terms of quantity and quality between individual strains of cannabis. They produce, for example, the characteristic skunk-like smell in Sour Diesel, and the lovely, earthy scent found in Blue Dream. There is also some evidence suggesting that terpenes may play a role in determining the psychoactive effects of marijuana, which also tend to vary from strain to strain.
Cannabis Terpenes: The Big Six
Now that we have some background context, let’s take a look at the six most common terpenes found in CBD products today:
1. Myrcene. Also found in many citrusy-smelling herbs (such as thyme, basil, and lemongrass) this terpene has a distinctly fruity aroma. Myrcene is by far one of the most common terpenes used in CBD products.
2. Linalool. With a distinct and attractive lavender-like aroma, linalool is another great smelling and extremely common terpene. In addition to hemp, linalool is also found in many spices and flowers.
3. A-Pinene. As the name suggests, this terpene’s aroma profile is most commonly likened to that of pine trees. A-Pinene is found in many different plant and tree species.
4. Limonene. As you might be able to guess, this terpene gets its name from the fact that it is commonly found in (and thereby responsible for the scent of) citrus fruits like limes and lemons. Usually, the terpene is extracted from the peel of these fruits. However, it is also commonly found in many hemp strains. Because of its pleasant scent, many CBD brands choose to use it in their formulas.
5. Humulene. Humulene also has a citrusy, and yet more distinctly hop-like aroma profile. In addition to hemp, it’s also found in hops, ginger, sage, and ginseng.
6. Beta-Caryophyllene. Lastly, beta-caryophyllene is a terpene characterized by a spicy, cinnamon-like scent. It’s found in hemp, black pepper, and cloves, and is a popular choice for CBD creams, oils, topicals, and more.
A deeper understanding of the properties and benefits of terpenes will require more years of research. However, scientists are learning remarkable things every day. If you’re just starting out with your CBD company, it’s definitely worth doing some research to find out which terpenes can benefit your brand the most. For more information on terpenes and wholesale CBD, just give us a call!
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