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Types Of Cannabinoids

The word cannabinoid refers to every chemical substance, regardless of structure or origin, that joins the cannabinoid receptors of the body and brain and has similar effects to those produced by the Cannabis Sativa plant.

There are SO many types of cannabinoids. The most common and famous ones are CBD, CBG, and CBN. In this article, we will go through the different types of cannabinoids, their advantages, and what works for whom. In the end, we will also discuss what full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate CBD mean and which one is ideal for you. Read on!

The three types of cannabinoids that people use are recreational, medicinal, and synthetic. Research has found that the cannabis plant produces between 80 and 100 cannabinoids and about 300 non-cannabinoid chemicals. The two main cannabinoids are delta9tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). The most commonly known of the two is delta9tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the chemical that is responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis. The main difference between the two cannabinoids is that THC has a strong psychoactive effect.

The cannabinoids are separated into the following subclasses:

  • Cannabichromene (CBC)
  • Cannabigerol (CBG)
  • Cannabidiol (CBD)
  • Cannabinol (CBN)
  • Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
  • Other cannabinoids including cannabicyclol (CBL), cannabielsoin (CBE), and cannabitriol (CBT)

 

The Endocannabinoid System

 

 

The endocannabinoid system is a unique communication system between the brain and body that affects many important functions. It is composed of natural molecules known as cannabinoids and the signaling pathways they interact with. Together, these parts regulate various activities such as mood, memory, sleep, and appetite. Like opioids, cannabinoids exert their effects by interacting with specific receptors in different parts of the central nervous system. Cannabinoids have a positive effect on how our brain cells interact with each other and how they send/receive messages.

In 1992, a naturally occurring substance in the brain called anandamide was discovered and binds to CB1. These chemicals, like cannabinoids, and other chemicals discovered later, are known as endocannabinoids.

The effects of cannabinoids depend on the affected brain region. Effects on the limbic system can alter memory, cognition, and psychomotor performance. Effects on the mesolimbic pathway can affect reward and pleasure responses, as well as changes in pain perception.

Also Read: How to use Hemp Seed Oil For Cooking

 

Differences Between Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are distinguished primarily based on the level of psychotropic drugs. For example, CBG, CBC, and CBD are not known to be psychologically active compounds, but THC, CBN, and CBDL, along with some other cannabinoids, produce varying degrees of psychoactive activity. The most abundant cannabinoid is CBD, which has anti-oxidant effects and is thought to potentially counteract the psychoactive effects of THC. When

THC is exposed to air, it is oxidized to form CBN. It interacts with THC to reduce its impact. For this reason, unused cannabis has a higher CBN to THC ratio and is less effective when smoking.

 

Effect Of Cannabinoids

 

  • The general effects include dry mouth, reflective mood, feelings of well-being, euphoria, increased appetite, and so on.
  • Oral cannabinoids are an effective antiemetic in adults with chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting.
  • Among adults with chronic pain, patients treated with cannabis or cannabinoids are more likely to experience clinically significant pain relief.
  • In adults with spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis (MS), short-term oral cannabinoid use improves the spasticity symptoms reported by the patient.
  • In these disorders, the effects of cannabinoids are moderate. For all other illnesses studied, there is insufficient information to assess their effects.

 

Cannabichromene (CBC)

Cannabichromene is a chemical found in the Cannabis plant. It does not affect thinking like some of the other chemicals found in Cannabis. Cannabichromene might affect the brain and nerves and reduce inflammation, swelling, and pain. There is interest in using cannabichromene for swelling (inflammation), pain, depression, and many other purposes.

CBC was discovered in the 1960s. After CBD and THC, CBC is a pretty prominent and famous compound of the cannabis plant. It is known that CBC has great potential to treat inflammation and can be very helpful in relieving pain and promoting the growth of new brain cells.

CBC has also been shown to work in conjunction with other cannabinoids such as THC, CBD, CBG, and CBN,  ultimately enhancing anti-inflammatory and other therapeutic effects. This contribution to the aide effect makes CBC a very versatile cannabinoid that is worth further investigation.

In addition, CBC can be up to 10 times more potent than CBD in the treatment of stress and anxiety and has important anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antiviral, antitumor, and bone growth stimulating properties.

 

Cannabigerol (CBG)

 

What is CBG? Cannabigerol (CBG) is a type of cannabinoid extracted from cannabis plants. It is often called the mother of all cannabinoids. This is because other cannabinoids are derived from the acidic form of CBG, cannabigerol acid (CBGA).

CBG is found in lesser amounts than other cannabinoids in cannabis plants. Most plant strains have only 1%  CBG  compared to 20-25% CBD or 25-30% THC. CBG is derived from young cannabis plants because it contains higher levels of CBG than mature plants. Some cannabis strains, such as

Both CBD and THC begin as CBGA, the acidic form of CBG. For this reason, young cannabis plants contain high levels of CBG. CBG is processed by the body’s endogenous cannabinoid system. The endogenous cannabinoid system is made up of molecules and receptors in our body that are responsible for keeping our body in optimal condition, regardless of what is happening in the external environment.

In our body, CBG mimics the endogenous cannabinoids that our body makes. Like CBD, CBG has been used to relieve pain without showing the intoxicating effects of cannabinoids like THC.  CBG may also have therapeutic effects, according to studies.

 

Cannabidiol (CBD)

 

 

CBD is the most common chemical of the cannabis Sativa plant (also known as hemp). It is an FDA-approved drug in the US and is used for seizures.

The cannabis Sativa plant has a lot of chemicals that are known as cannabinoids (over 80!) THC is pretty famous for it’s effects. CBD is derived from the hemp plant and contains only small amounts of THC. But don’t get us wrong – CBD has some effects on the brain as well, but they’re different from THC.

CBD prescription can be given for epilepsy. It can also be used for dystonia, Parkinson’s, anxiety and depression, pain management, Crohn’s disease, and a lot of other disorders and illnesses.

Laws passed in 2018 made it legal to sell hemp and hemp products in the US. But that doesn’t mean that all CBD products made from hemp are legal. CBD is present in a lot of different forms – topicals, skincare products, gummies, and so on.

Animal studies, and self-reports or research in humans, suggest CBD may also help with: 

Anxiety:

Many studies have concluded that CBD can help in reducing anxiety and depression and help humans cope.

Insomnia:

CBD can induce sleep as well as help in staying asleep. It can also help with insomnia.

 Chronic pain:

One animal study from the European Journal of Pain suggests CBD could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis when applied to the skin. There’s also research on how CBD can help with inflammation and pain – issues that are usually difficult to treat.

  Addiction: 

According to some human studies, CBD helps reduce the thirst for tobacco and heroin under certain conditions. Some animal tests also show that it can reduce the craving for substances and alcohol.

Also Read: CBD Capsules vs Softgels: Unveiling The Differences

 

Cannabinol (CBN)

 

 

CBN is a non-toxic compound best known as a cannabinoid that is produced as THC ages. For this reason, it is usually abundant in older cannabis strains. This may be offensive to some, but others are looking for old cannabis just to enjoy the benefits of CBN. CBN is not particularly abundant in fresh or hardened cannabis but is more common in older cannabis, especially cannabis that has been exposed to a lot of oxygen. CBN is actually formed from THC when oxidized (exposed to oxygen over time).

Studies suggest that CBN is a potential antibacterial, neuroprotectant, and stimulates the appetite. It also helps with glaucoma and is anti-inflammatory.

 

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

 

 

THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the chemical responsible for most of marijuana’s psychological effects. It acts much like the cannabinoid chemicals made naturally by the body, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).

Cannabinoid receptors are concentrated in certain areas of the brain associated with thinking, memory, pleasure, coordination, and time perception. THC attaches to these receptors and activates them and affects a person’s perception of time, movement, concentration, thinking, coordination, according to NIDA.

THC is one of many compounds found in the resin secreted by glands of the marijuana plant. More of these glands are found around the reproductive organs of the plant than in any other area of the plant. One cannabinoid, CBD is nonpsychoactive, according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, and actually blocks the high associated with THC.

THC helps the brain release dopamine – the happy hormone. This creates euphoria. THC does this by interfering with the hippocampus in the brain, which is part of the brain responsible for forming new memories.

THC may also change thoughts and induce delusions or hallucinations. On average, the effect lasts about 2 hours and begins 10-30 minutes after ingestion.

 

Cannabicyclol (CBL)

Cannabicyclol, also known as CBL, is one of the least recognized and researched cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant. It is a nonpoisonous cannabinoid and can be generally found in several varieties, and has a much greater content of CBC (Cannabichromene), thus the quantity of Cbl that cannabicyclol produces is quite low and it will not give you high like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) gives.

The principal characteristics that CBL has are the absence of double bonds unlike THC and hence its inability to produce psychoactive effects within the brain. Many cannabinoids are the result of CBG, but CBL is instead derived from cannabichromene (CBC).

Many cannabis strains are actually quite low in CBL concentration which makes it difficult for extraction. High CBL strains can also be stored for several years, as large amounts of CBL in plants are exposed to both time and light. CBLs typically exist in hashes, which are often stored somewhere in the months or years.

Cannabis plants produce very small amounts of this cannabinoid, and research on this compound is very sparse. More research is needed to properly understand the therapeutic properties of CBL. However, recent studies have shown promising conclusions about the antitumor and anti-inflammatory potential of CBL.

 

Cannabielsoin (CBE)

Cannabielsoin (CBE) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis plants. The reference to CBE in scientific journals was first cited in 1973. Since then, many research studies have been conducted to elucidate the structure of CBE. It was concluded that CBE was formed from cannabidiol, not as a drug that has an effect on psychosis.

It is worth noting that the CBE does not even fall under the United Nations Convention or the US Controlled Substances Act. Little is known about the benefits of taking CBE, but many researchers and scientists believe that CBE has an aide effect. According to aide effect theory, CBE, in combination with other cannabinoids, produces synergistic effects that can have health benefits. According to this theory, CBE, like its therapeutic precursor, CBD, may offer health benefits.

 

Cannabitriol (CBT)

There’s a new cannabinoid in the market – CBD. It has been found that CBT has a structure similar to THC, a primary psychoactive compound that produces high effects.

First reported in 2014, it is yet to be studied whether Cannabitriol is psychoactive or has many therapeutic benefits. Since Cannabitriol is found in very small quantities and not in all cannabis plants, makes the research studies even more difficult. The marijuana legalization issue is another drawback in conducting detailed research on cannabis compounds.

Though not much is known about Cannabitriol (CBT), one can check out other strains of cannabis which have been studied in some detail regarding their health benefits. There are a plethora of cannabis strains that can be explored and not all cannabis are the same. Different strains of cannabis can have varied effects. It’s quite possible that by exploring MarijuanaDoctors.com, you might just find a strain suitable for your ailment.

Also Read: Does CBN Help You Sleep?

 

Types Of CBD

 

 

Full Spectrum: It contains all the beneficial compounds that can be found in the cannabis plant. It has cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes. It can contain small amounts of THC as well. CBD’s effects can be stronger when used with other substances and full-spectrum CBD can give the entourage effect. It is also the most popular option. You can find gummies, sprays, pills, capsules, and topical CBD products quite easily.

 

Who Should Choose Full-Spectrum CBD?

If you are looking for the following effects from your CBD, you may want to choose full-spectrum CBD products – 

  • Less refined products. As we know full-spectrum products contain a series of other cannabinoids, they do not need to be refined.
  • Flavourful products. Cannabinoids like CBN, THC, and CBG bring a flavourful taste to your CBD products
  • The benefits of the Entourage Effect.

 

Broad Spectrum

  • Broad Spectrum CBD products contain almost every compound found in the cannabis plant. But there’s generally one key element missing: THC.
  • The lack of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) makes broadspectrum products different from Full Spectrum products, which do contain a little THC — less than 0.3 percent to be considered federally legal.
  • It is to be noted that broad-spectrum, isolate, and full-spectrum products are different from each other. The purest form of CBD is isolate – it has no other compounds.
  • A 2011 study review published in the  British Journal of Pharmacology found that the combination of terpenes and phytocannabinoids may be beneficial for issues such as pain, epilepsy, anxiety, inflammation, cancer, and so on.

Who should choose broad-spectrum CBD?

If you are looking for the following effects from your CBD, you may want to choose broad-spectrum CBD products – 

  • Slightly more refined products. Since broad-spectrum CBD needs to be refined to remove the traces of THC, they are more refined as compared to full-spectrum CBD but less refined than CBD isolate.
  • Want to avoid THC altogether.
  • The benefits of the Entourage Effect.

Also Read: CBD Capsules vs Softgels: Unveiling The Differences

 

Who Should Choose Full-Spectrum CBD?

If you are looking for the following effects from your CBD, you may want to choose full-spectrum CBD products – 

  • Less refined products. As we know full-spectrum products contain a series of other cannabinoids, they do not need to be refined.
  • Flavourful products. Cannabinoids like CBN, THC, and CBG bring a flavourful taste to your CBD products
  • The benefits of the Entourage Effect.

 

Isolate

  • CBD isolate is a shape of CBD or cannabidiol, that’s a chemical compound gift withinside the cannabis plant. Unlike full-spectrum CBD merchandise, CBD isolate does now no longer include any THC — the psychoactive issue of cannabis.
  • CBD isolate is a superb alternative for people who would love to strive for CBD, however who can’t or does now no longer need to ingest any tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), that’s the energetic factor in cannabis. Most different CBD merchandise includes as a minimum a small percent of THC.
  • CBD isolate is a crystalline strong or powder comprising natural CBD. It isn’t like full-spectrum CBD merchandise, which can legally include as much as 0.3%Trusted Source THC. This quantity can also additionally display up on a drug test, however, it’s going to now no longer reason a high.
  • To produce CBD isolate, producers use diverse methods to extract all of the compounds and different materials from the hashish plant, together with THC. The procedure leaves the back of natural CBD in crystal shape.
  • Manufacturers can also additionally then grind the crystals right into a powder to make the product less complicated to consume. CBD isolate does now no longer has an exclusive odor or taste.

Who should choose CBD Isolate?

If you are looking for the following specifications, you may want to opt for CBD Isolate products –

  • Large doses of CBD
  • Avoid THC altogether
  • Do not mind flavorless products

Choosing the right product usually depends on personal preferences and the objectives you have in mind. Now that you know the benefits of each, making a choice must be easier! Research suggests that when these cannabinoids come together, they can enhance the effectiveness of CBD, while simultaneously offering their own health benefits, so go ahead and try them on their own and also together.

Also Read: Does CBD Hand Sanitizer Work

 

Buying Cannabinoids

There are plenty of brands that deal in cannabinoids. But you need to buy original and good-quality products otherwise there would not be any benefits.

Moreover, you need to opt for a brand that gives you a complete list of ingredients and has organic, kosher products.

HempDepotCo is amazing for everything related to cannabinoids. They have different kinds of products.

  • Full-Spectrum CBD: these include gummies, tincture, CBG flowers, gel capsules, and so much more!
  • Broad-Spectrum CBD: includes CBD wax, sleep gummies, e-liquid, CBD tincture, etc.
  • CBD Isolate products: this has CBD slab, CBD sauce, CBD isolate powder, and so many more products.

You can check out their wide range of CBG products – here and CBN products – here.

There is no standard dosage of CBD as of now. But you can start small and eventually find your way up according to your preferences and objective. With gummies and capsules, you can pop one every day to receive maximum benefits.

We hope this article has helped you understand everything about cannabinoids. If you have any questions, feel free to drop them below! We highly recommend that you add cannabinoids to your everyday lifestyle and make your life immensely better!


Interesting Reads: 

Does CBD Help You Focus

Can CBD Aid With Acne

CBD Dosage Guide: How Much CBD Should You Tak

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